En puerta el debate migratorio en EE.UU. / Estudios Fronterizos .org

Mañana se va a debatir el asunto migratorio en los EE.UU., dentro del gobierno de Barak Obama, donde se analizara el contexto migratorio en ese país y que sin duda su desición se verá reflejado en Centro América. Según la fuente de CNN Español, donde se advierte que el:

Debate migratorio: antecedentes y cifras rumbo a una orden ejecutiva en EU. Se espera que el presidente estadounidense, Barack Obama, anuncie en los próximos días medidas que beneficien a personas indocumentadas en Estados Unidos.

Obama tomaría el asunto por su propia cuenta con la firma de una orden ejecutiva en la que cambiaría las políticas de inmigración que han estado estancadas en la Cámara de Representantes durante todo 2014.

A continuación te presentamos algunos puntos clave sobre el tema de los inmigrantes en territorio estadounidense:

“No puedo esperar eternamente mientras estoy en el poder, al menos por los dos próximos años, de mejorar el sistema, de reforzar los medios en la frontera en vez de separar a las familias, de mejorar el sistema legal de inmigración”, declaró Barack Obama el domingo.

El argumento de la Casa Blanca es que los recursos, vastos pero limitados, de las autoridades federales en materia de inmigración, serían mejor utilizados si se concentraran en la frontera con México, de un lado, y en la expulsión de los extranjeros en situación irregular que representan una amenaza para la seguridad pública, por el otro”. (CNN Español, http://m.cnnmexico.com/mundo/2014/11/18/debate-migratorio-antecedentes-y-cifras-rumbo-a-una-orden-ejecutiva-en-eu)

Por otra parte en Visual Browse se declará que:

“Just a year ago, President Obama was among those who doubted he had the power to halt deportations of millions of immigrants living in the country illegally.

Asked in a 2013 Telemundo interview whether he would heed calls to expand his deportation-deferral program to include more immigrants, Obama said, “If we start broadening that, then essentially I would be ignoring the law in a way that I think would be very difficult to defend legally, so that’s not an option.”

Now Obama is poised to announce what it is likely to be his most ambitious and controversial plan to address the immigration issue, offering temporary reprieve from deportation to as many as 5 million additional immigrants.

Details have not been announced, but Republicans are already calling the president’s plans illegal and beyond his authority”. (Visual Browse, http://www.latimes.com/nation/la-na-1119-immigration-legal-basis-20141119-story.html#page=1)

Para conocer a eso migrantes MPI se hace las siguientes cuestiones para poder entender de fondo la problematica y así poder encontrar una solución al respecto:

“Learn about the estimated 11.4 million unauthorized immigrants living in the United States. Where do they live? When did they arrive in the United States, and from which origin countries? What are their levels of education, top industries of employment, incomes, parental and marital status, health care coverage, and more? This data tool, based on a methodology that imputes unauthorized status using U.S. Census Bureau 2008-12 American Community Survey and 2008 Survey of Income and Program Participation data, provides estimates of unauthorized populations for the U.S., 47 states, and the District of Columbia. It also offers detailed sociodemographic profiles for the U.S., 41 states, and D.C.

As many as 3.7 million unauthorized immigrants who are parents of U.S. citizens or legal permanent residents could apply for temporary relief from deportation under the new deferred action program that President Obama is expected to unveil this week, the Migration Policy Institute (MPI) estimates. In addition, widespread reports of apparently imminent changes to the Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (DACA) program — which has been in place since 2012 and has provided relief from deportation to more than 580,000 young unauthorized immigrants — could expand the immediately eligible DACA population by 290,000, bringing it to close to 1.5 million.

In total, MPI estimates the anticipated new deferred action program and expanded DACA initiative could benefit as many as 5.2 million people — nearly half of the 11.4 million unauthorized immigrants living in the United States (see table below for national and top state breakdowns).

“The president’s anticipated actions could have a significant effect on the lives of millions of unauthorized immigrants, improving job and educational prospects, the ability to apply for driver’s licenses and expanding engagement in their communities,” said MPI President Michael Fix.

Under the anticipated announcement, 3.7 million parents of U.S. citizens or legal permanent residents (aka green card holders) could apply for a grant of relief from deportation and work authorization under a new deferred action program, provided they have lived in the United States for five years or more. The potential DACA changes would reportedly eliminate the age cutoff (currently applicants must be under age 31) and move forward DACA’s U.S. residency requirement from 2007 to 2010″.

(MPI, http://migrationpolicy.org/news/mpi-many-37-million-unauthorized-immigrants-could-get-relief-deportation-under-anticipated-new)

Por Julia Corona para Estudios Fronterizos.org

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